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Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure

Allen, Micah; Glen, James C.; Müllensiefen, Daniel; Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Samuel; Fardo, Francesca; Frank, Darya; Callaghan, Martina F. and Rees, Geraint. 2017. Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure. NeuroImage, 149, pp. 415-423. ISSN 1053-8119 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The ability to introspectively evaluate our experiences to form accurate metacognitive beliefs, or insight, is an essential component of decision-making. Previous research suggests individuals vary substantially in their level of insight, and that this variation is related to brain volume and function, particularly in the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC). However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear, as qualitative, macroscopic measures such as brain volume can be related to a variety of microstructural features. Here we leverage a high-resolution (800 µm isotropic) multi-parameter mapping technique in 48 healthy individuals to delineate quantitative markers of in vivo histological features underlying metacognitive ability. Specifically, we examined how neuroimaging markers of local grey matter myelination and iron content relate to insight as measured by a signal-theoretic model of subjective confidence. Our results revealed a pattern of microstructural correlates of perceptual metacognition in the aPFC, precuneus, hippocampus, and visual cortices. In particular, we extend previous volumetric findings to show that right aPFC myeloarchitecture positively relates to metacognitive insight. In contrast, decreased myelination in the left hippocampus correlated with better metacognitive insight. These results highlight the ability of quantitative neuroimaging to reveal novel brainbehaviour correlates and may motivate future research on their environmental and developmental underpinnings.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.02.008

Keywords:

Metacognition, Quantitative MRI, Hippocampus, Iron Myelination, Microstructure

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
3 February 2017Accepted
4 February 2017Published

Item ID:

20575

Date Deposited:

16 Jun 2017 15:54

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 15:22

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20575

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