Research Online


Goldsmiths - University of London

Variable 4: A Dynamical Composition for Weather Systems

Bulley, James and Jones, Daniel. 2011. 'Variable 4: A Dynamical Composition for Weather Systems'. In: Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference. Huddersfield, United Kingdom. [Conference or Workshop Item]

MUS_Bulley_Jones_Variable4_2011.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (991kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Variable 4 is a multichannel sound installation that uses meteorological sensors and a multi-layered array of algorithmic processes to transform weather data into musical patterns in real time. This paper describes the work in detail, outlining its historical context, systems infrastructure and installation specifics. The piece is discussed in relation to sonification and environmental installation, and observations are made on the process of siting a complex sound work in the natural world.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


generative music, algorithmic music, sound art, sonic, music, weather, systems, processes, l-system, markov, chain, non-linear, sonification, multi-channel, environmental, installation

Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Music > Unit for Sound Practice Research


1 January 2011Accepted
1 November 2011Published

Event Location:

Huddersfield, United Kingdom

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2012 09:46

Last Modified:

16 Jul 2018 16:54


View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)